I cannot say this enough times: the primary mainstream use for GMO crops is so that their producers - Monsanto, Dow, Dupont, etc - can sell the herbicide that these seeds are resistant to. In other words, so that the crops can be plastered with pesticides without killing the crop.
And then you eat it. Not only does the modification itself cause the food to become highly toxic, there is more pesticides being sprayed on them.
- David Gutierrez
A former British agricultural government advisor has said that organic farming should embrace genetically modified (GM) crops as a way to make large-scale agriculture more environmentally sustainable.
Gordon Conway, a professor of international development at Imperial College London, told the Times of London that organic agriculture focuses excessively on what is "natural." Referring to the exclusion of synthetic technologies from the definition of organic as "rigid," he said that GM technology should be used to increase crop yields while limiting ecological damage.
Conway's argument, as reported by the Times, did not appear to address the concerns that critics of biotechnology have raised with GM crops. Conway stated that GM agriculture is just as "natural" as conventional plant breeding, disregarding the argument that bypassing evolutionary processes completely is more likely to have unforeseen consequences. He stated that herbicide-resistant crops have lower carbon footprints because they require less tilling of the soil, apparently ignoring evidence that such crops lead to increased use of toxic chemicals.
He did not appear to clarify how or why herbicide-resistant crops could be used in conjunction with organic farming, which bans the use of synthetic pesticides except in extreme cases.